Diabetes, The Silent Killer

Diabetes

Before being diagnosed with diabetes, persons often live without recognizing the symptoms as problematic and because of that, they can suffer for a long period of time.

When the body does not process food efficiently for use as energy, the condition is called diabetes. After we eat, the food is turned into sugar or glucose for our bodies to use as energy. The pancreas makes insulin to help the body get glucose into our cells. However, sometimes the body can't make enough insulin and that causes sugars to build up in your blood.

Types of Diabetes

There are two types of Diabetes, Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and Type 2 which is the most common form.

Type 1 Diabetes

Previously known as juvenile diabetes, this illness is characterized by the body not producing enough insulin. Type 1 diabetes accounts for approximately 5-10% of all cases. Around 1.25 million Americans have it, and it's estimated that 40,000 people are diagnosed annually.

Type 2 Diabetes

Accounting for 90-95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes, Type 2 diabetes has many risk factors/reasons for development. A family history of diabetes, obesity, race/ethnicity and age are a few of the associated risk factors. Black people are 1.7 times more likely to develop diabetes and they are 27% more likely to die from the disease than white/caucasian persons. Native Americans, Latinx and Asians also have a higher risk for diabetes than white Americans.

 

 

Treatment

Type 1 diabetes is treated by taking insulin shots while Type 2 diabetes is treated by frequent exercise and healthy eating or diet control and medication.

How to recognize if you have diabetes

Knowing the symptoms of diabetes and being familiar with them is a kind of safeguard against the silent killer; the sooner you recognize the symptoms the better.

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Extreme hunger
  • Sudden changes in vision
  • Very dry skin
  • Feeling tired most of the time

If you want to avoid acquiring type 2 diabetes then the best preventative measure you can take is exercise and healthy eating.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

 


Sources

https://www.cdc.gov/media/presskits/aahd/diabetes.pdf

http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/?referrer=https://www.google.com/